Archaeology in the North
Pol·lèntia is the most important Roman site in the Balearic Islands. Classical sources reveal that with the Roman conquest of the Islands by Cecilio Metelo in the year 123BC two large cities, Palma and Pol·lèntia, were founded, but while the modern city of Palma was built on the remains of that Roman city, in Alcúdia the modern city did not overlap with the original.
This fact, which itself is quite unusual, makes it possible to have a total view of the city and its surroundings and from the XVII century, remains of great value have emerged. Since the beginning of excavations in the 1960s, only three hectares have been excavated, but it is estimated that the total area of the city could reach 20 hectares.
Pol·lèntia not only has a great scientific potential, but also as a cultural attraction. In 2017, 40,000 visitors passed through the archaeological park.
Even older is the Necropolis on the beach at Son Real. You can reach the site on foot from Son Baulo in Can Picafort, or you can walk through the Son Real estate, both a beautiful walks and will reward you with some great views, fresh sea air and wildlife. Once you reach the ancient cemetery you will find an area of 1,000m2, where there are around 130 tombs containing approximately 400 burials. The necropolis is unique in Mallorca and the Western Mediterranean, the tombs resemble miniature navetas and talayots and can be dated between 7BC and 2BC, after which burials became more common in rectangular graves.
Almost all the tombs contain burials along with metal, bone, glass or pottery goods, which were left in the tombs as well. Experts believe that with the presence of armaments and musical instruments, burial rituals contributed to the bonding of the living with their ancestors. The distinctive tombs and the items of value found within them suggest that they were intended for leaders of the community. Arqueo Mallorca write, “Son Real was without doubt a special space, magical, intended for a chosen few who, generation after generation, were buried with the hope of starting a new life, a new life beyond what their eyes could see, beyond their world and the sea, before which the necropolis still resists the passage of time.” Archaeologists are now campaigning to keep up this resistance both to the sea and to plunderers.
For more information visit: www.arqueomallorca.com